Symptomatic bradycardia and high degree AV block puts patients at high-risk for decompensation. While ischemia is a concern with all new conduction abnormalities. However it is a common development in patients with recent aortic valve replacement and often requires permanent pacemaker.
Cardiac pacemakers and their malfunctions are often daunting for the emergency physician to diagnose and manage. This is the first part of a series covering this area. Part 1. Pitfalls and pearls of temporary transvenous pacing. Part 2. Procedural instructions for placing a transve